Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 170--173

Dose–volume analysis of acute gastrointestinal complications in cervical cancer undergoing definitive concurrent chemoradiation


Anup Kumar, Rajanigandha Tudu, Rashmi Singh, Payal Raina 
 Department of Radiotherapy, RIMS, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India

Correspondence Address:
Rajanigandha Tudu
SR Quarter No. 15, RIMS, Bariatu, Ranchi - 834 009, Jharkhand
India

Context: Definitive concurrent chemoradiation with brachytherapy is the prime modality of treatment of cervical cancer. The small bowel is one of the critical organs responsible for gastrointestinal complications. Aims: This study aims to analyze the relation of small bowel dosimetric parameters with the incidence of acute gastrointestinal complications. Subjects and Methods: The study analyzed 40 patients of stage IIB–IVA who underwent concurrent chemoradiation with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy and weekly cisplatin from June 2017 to June 2018. The small bowel was contoured as the organ of risk. Dose–volume histogram parameters of the small bowel subjected to analysis were mean dose, maximum dose, the total volume of organ receiving 20 Gy, 40 Gy, and 45 Gy (V20-45), and the volume of V20-45 to total volume (V20-45 ratio). Gastrointestinal toxicity was graded using CTCAE version 5.0 criteria. Association between dosimetric parameters and incidence of 1–2 gastrointestinal complications were evaluated. Results: A total of forty patients treated with concurrent chemoradiation were analyzed. Seven patients reported Grade 1, whereas three patients reported Grade 2 gastrointestinal complications. None of the patients reported Grade 3 or higher gastrointestinal complication. Patients with gastrointestinal complications had greater V30-45 and mean dose as compared to those without gastrointestinal complication. Conclusions: Dosimetric parameters of small bowel should be evaluated to reduce the incidence of gastrointestinal complications.


How to cite this article:
Kumar A, Tudu R, Singh R, Raina P. Dose–volume analysis of acute gastrointestinal complications in cervical cancer undergoing definitive concurrent chemoradiation.J Can Res Ther 2021;17:170-173


How to cite this URL:
Kumar A, Tudu R, Singh R, Raina P. Dose–volume analysis of acute gastrointestinal complications in cervical cancer undergoing definitive concurrent chemoradiation. J Can Res Ther [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 May 9 ];17:170-173
Available from: https://www.cancerjournal.net/article.asp?issn=0973-1482;year=2021;volume=17;issue=1;spage=170;epage=173;aulast=Kumar;type=0