Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

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Year
: 2007  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 37--39

Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis: Unusual ultrasonography and pathological findings


Wilmosh Mermershtain1, Neta Vardi2, Irina Gusakova1, Josef Klein3,  
1 Department of Oncology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
2 Department of Pathology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel
3 Department of Urology, Soroka University Medical Center, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel

Correspondence Address:
Wilmosh Mermershtain
Department of Oncology, Soroka University Medical Center, P.O.Box 151, 84101 Beer-Sheva
Israel

Abstract

We report a case of serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis in a 22-year-old man. Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is highly resistant to radiotherapy and any known chemotherapeutic regimen. We recommend radical orchiectomy At last follow up, the patient was well, without any evidence of recurrence, ten years after surgery.



How to cite this article:
Mermershtain W, Vardi N, Gusakova I, Klein J. Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis: Unusual ultrasonography and pathological findings.J Can Res Ther 2007;3:37-39


How to cite this URL:
Mermershtain W, Vardi N, Gusakova I, Klein J. Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis: Unusual ultrasonography and pathological findings. J Can Res Ther [serial online] 2007 [cited 2021 Jun 17 ];3:37-39
Available from: https://www.cancerjournal.net/text.asp?2007/3/1/37/31970


Full Text

 Introduction



Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is a rare neoplasm of the male genitourinary tract. It is usually occurs in men after the age of 60 and carries an variable prognosis. Less than 30 cases of Mullerian-type serous tumors occuring in male patients were reported. Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is highly resistant to adjuvant radiotherapy and any know chemotherapeutic regimen with activity against ovarian malignancies. We report the case of a young man with a malignant serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis achieved a complete remission and remaind free of disease after ten years.

 Case Report



A 22-year-old man was referred to our institution for the evaluation of a left scrotal mass which developed within six weeks after being treated four weeks by antibiotics for alleged epididimytis with no response. The patient complainted of pain, swelling in the right scrotum and subfebrile temperature. He was investigated by ultrasonography. CT scan was negative for retroperitoneal lymph nodes. The serum level of CA 125 was normal for female values. As missed torsion of the testicle was suspected, exploration via a scrotal incision was performed.The intraoperative findings were: enthickened tunica vaginalis, medium quantity of yellowish fluid in the virtual cavity between the two layers of the tunica vaginalis, gray nodular mass between the lower pole of the testis and the epididimis. Radical orchiectomy were performed. After obtaining results of pathological findings, a right hemiscrotectomy was performed. No futher treatment was given. The patient is alive with no evidence of disease for ten years since surgery.

Ultrasonography findings

Testicular ultrasonography confirmed the presence of a marked multiseptated accumulation of fluid. The unusual finding delineated on this side was the nodular and irregular anterior thickening of the paratesticular structures [Figure 1]a and b.

The testis was normal in size and echostructure. The accumulation of fluid and the nodular thickening of the paratesticular envelope of the testis rised suspition of mesothelioma with malignant potential. Transvers ultrasonography of the left testis after evacuation of hydrocele and open biopsy of the paratesticular tissues was performed. There is severe thickening of the extratesticular layers anteriorly. The epididymis is not distinguishable. Irregular cystic and solid spaces and hyperechoic punctate structures [Figure 2] representing psammoma bodies are demonstard (the unusual prominent features of the tumor).

The head of epididymis was not distinquishable from the peripheral thickening. Color doppler investigation of the mass showed a hypervascular pattern. Hyperemia is a well-recognized feature of scrotal inflammatory disease. However neoplastic disease is also commonly hypervascular especially in larger lesions.[1]

Histological findings

Clusters of papillary tumor located in paraepididimal soft tissue, invading tunica vaginalis were found. Most papillae lined by cuboidal cells, small part, by columnar, non ciliated cells. Tumor cells showed malignant features with enlarged pleomorphic nuclei and nucleoli. Few mitotic figures were detected. Microcyst formation and intracystic papillae were present. Detached small solid clusters infiltrating stroma, were also seen. Numerous psammoma bodies were detected, in assotiation with tumor cells and in stroma [Figure 3].

Neutral mucin stain (mucicarmin) showed positive mucin drops in tumor cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical results showed intense positivity for CEA, Keratin, EMA (membranous and cytoplasmic) CA-125 and Vimentin LUM1 was positive in only few tumor cells.

The distinction of serous papillary carcinoma from malignant mesothelioma was the main diagnostic problem. The diagnosis of serous papillary carcinoma in this case was based on the prominent papillary growth pattern, numerous psammoma bodies, positive immunostaining, mainly for CEA and CA-125, the patient young age and the lack of anamnestic asbestos exposure.

 Discussion



Less then 30 cases of papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis were published. In the differential diagnosis, one should consider paratesticular tumor arising from the mesothelial surface of the tunica vaginalis [2] and malignant mesothelioma. However, as neither the slit-like tubules characteristic of carcinoma of the rete testis nor transition between epithelial cells of the normal rete testis and the neoplastic cells could be identified. In our case there was no history of asbestos exposure, which is sometimes present in patients with mesotheliomas. Psammoma bodies, which were prominently seen in this case, are more common in serous papillary adenocarcinomas than in mesotheliomas. These tumors involve either the visceral tunica vaginalis and underlying tunica albuginea or, more commonly, the upper pole of the testis, particularly in the region of the testiculoepididymal groove.[4] Clinically, paratesticular serous papillary carcinoma occurs in young to middle-aged adults and typically presents as a testicular mass, which may be associated with a hydrocele but only five cases associated with hydrocele were desribed in the literature. Our case is the first case of multiseptated accumulation of fluid ultrasonographically diagnosed. Neoplastic disease, paticular larger lesions, are commonly hypervascular. The tiny unusual calcifications within the mass were consistent with psammoma bodies found in the pathological specimen. Serous papillary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is with malignant potential and metastasis in less than one year.[3] Only in one case, a seven-year interval was described between initial presentation and development of clinically metastatic disease.[4] Our case had no signs of recurrence ten years after surgery, left radical orchiectomy and hemiscrotectomy.

The treatment of choice is orchiectomy because highly resistant to adjuvant radiotherapy and any know chemotherapeutic regimen with activity against this malignancies.

References

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2Blumberg HM, Hendrix LE. Serous Papillary Adenocarcinoma of the Tunica Vaginalis of the Testis with Metastasis. Cancer 1991; 67:1450-1453.
3Schoen SS, Rush BF. Adenocarcinoma of the rete testis. J Urol 1959; 82:356-363.
4Jones MA, Young RH, Srigley JR. and Scully RE. Paratesticular Serous Papillary Carcinoma. A Report of Six Cases. Am J Surg Pathol 1995; 19:1359-1365.