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Relative effect of Malayer Shahani and Asgari grapes seed extract on inducing apoptosis in human leukemia cells


1 Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Research Institute for Grape and Raisins, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Research Institute for Grape and Raisins, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
3 Department of Biology, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Maryam Rahimi,
Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Research Institute for Grape and Raisins, Malayer University, P. O. Box: 65719-95863, Malayer
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_766_19

Background: Previous studies have suggested that consuming fruit and vegetable can lower the risk of several cancers, including breast, colorectal, and lung cancers. Aims: The present study aims to investigate the in vitro anticancer effects of Shahani and Asgari grape seed extract (GSE) grown in Malayer City of Iran on HL-60 cancer. However, to the best of the author's knowledge, it is the first time in this study that the antiproliferative effect of Shahani and Asgari GSE is compared. Materials and Methods: Shahani and Asgari GSE Was extraction white method of Liquid/liquid extraction with ethyl acetate. Then assessing cytotoxic activities of Shahani and Asgari GSE on the HL-60 cells was tested using MTT assay. Results: The results show that compared with the control group, seed extract of both Shahani and Asgari at the various concentrations (25, 50, 100, and 200 μg/ml) had a significantly inhibitory effect on HL-60 cell proliferation that was dose dependent. However, Shahani GSE at different concentrations (50, 100, and 200 μg/ml) indicated a significantly higher inhibitory effect compared to Asgari GSE. In addition, GSE can induce cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 cells. Furthermore, GSE of Asgari and Shahani remarkably increased the induction of HL-60 cell apoptosis depending on its dose. However, at the concentration of 200 μg/ml, GSE induced cell necrosis rather than apoptosis. Conclusion: Seed extract of both Shahani and Asgari at the various concentrations had a significantly inhibitory effect on HL-60 cell proliferation that was dose dependent.


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    -  Rahimi M
    -  Pakravan N
    -  Babaei A
    -  Mohammadi M
    -  Atafar E
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