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Magnitude and pattern of various cancers from tertiary health care center registry: A study in three southern states of India

 ICMR-National Institute of Epidemiology, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
T Vijayapushpam,
ICMR-National Institute of Epidemiology, Ayapakkam, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_628_19

Many research studies have looked into the epidemiological aspects including various potential risk factors associated with cancers, namely environmental, dietary, genetic, and hormonal. The present article studies the magnitude and pattern of various cancers registered at tertiary health-care centers in three South Indian states. Data from hospital-based cancer registries compiled by the ICMR-National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research for the time periods 2007–2011 and 2012–2014 for three South Indian states, namely Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka, were analyzed using R software. Summarizing the type and proportions of cancers seen at the three registries during the periods 2007–2011 and 2012–2014, it was found that, among men, hypopharyngeal cancer, esophageal cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, and oral cancer were the major cancer types prevalent and, among females, cervical cancer, mouth cancer, breast cancer, ovary cancer, and thyroid cancer were the common cancer types. With multidisciplinary approach, cancers can be prevented to a certain extent by insisting behavioural changes through recommendation of increase in physical activities and intake of micro nutrient-rich food items with fiber component.

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