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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 975-981

Intensity modulated radiotherapy in anal canal squamous cell carcinoma: Implementation and outcomes


Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Medical Center, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Indranil Mallick
Department of Radiation Oncology, Tata Medical Center, 14 MAR (EW), Newtown, Kolkata - 700 156, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_212_19

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Objective: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) is the standard curative treatment option for nonmetastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) can reduce doses delivered to bowel and skin and reduce toxicities associated with conventional fields. Here, we present our institutional data on dosimetry, toxicity, and clinical outcomes with IMRT for anal cancer. Materials and Methods: We analyzed 23 patients of anal SCC treated with curative-intent CCRT/radiation therapy alone, utilizing IMRT, between August 2011 and December 2016. The standard prescription dose was 54 Gy/27Fr/5.5 weeks, delivered in two phases, and concurrent chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin-C. Acute and late toxicities and dosimetric data were compiled and analyzed. Results: The median age was 65 years. Fourteen (60.7%) patients had Stage IIIC disease. Eighteen patients received concurrent chemotherapy. No patient had any treatment breaks. Grade 3 acute perianal dermatitis was recorded in 11 (47.8%) patients. Proctitis, diarrhea, and cystitis were limited to Grade 1 in 73.9%, 47.8%, and 8.6% patients, respectively. The only late Grade 2+ toxicities were gastrointestinal toxicities in 4 (17.4%) patients. Twenty (87%) patients had complete response at 6 months. The 3-year local control, nodal control, and distant metastases-free survival were 85.9%, 86.6%, 84.7%, respectively, with 3-year disease-free survival and overall survival of 63.4% and 81%, respectively. Conclusion: In this report on IMRT in anal cancer from India, treatment was well tolerated with lower acute toxicity than reported in other prospective studies. Long-term results are at par with other published studies.


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