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CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1108-1111

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma in the maxillary gingiva


Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
G B Protyusha
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research, Meenakshi Ammal Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_893_19

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Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare, unique, and aggressive variant of squamous cell carcinoma which mostly occurs in the upper aerodigestive tract. Histologically and immunologically different from conventional squamous cell carcinoma, it is mostly seen in men of the sixth and seventh decades and is commonly associated with tobacco and alcohol usage. BSCC usually presents as a high stage disease with distant metastasis, high recurrence rate, and poor prognosis. In the head-and-neck region, BSCC has a strong predilection for sites such as the base of the tongue, soft palate, and epiglottis. Less commonly, it may also occur on the floor of the mouth, gingiva, and tonsils. In the present article, we report a case of BSCC in the right maxillary anterior gingiva of a 57-year-old female for its rarity.


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