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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 619-624

Anlotinib followed by transarterial chemoembolization and radiofrequency ablation is a safe and effective initial treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma patients with portal vein tumor thrombus: A retrospective case series study

1 Department of Oncology, First People's Hospital of Foshan, Foshan Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Foshan, China
2 Department of Interventional Radiology, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, The Second Affiliated Hospital of South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, China
3 Department of Oncology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Jiren Zhang
Department of Oncology, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, No. 253 Gongyedadao Middle Road, Guangzhou, 510060
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_1253_20

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Background: Portal vein tumor thrombus (PVTT) remains a poor prognostic factor occurring in about 10%–40% of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) for the optimal treatment is controversial. Anlotinib is an novel small molecule inhibitor that has a broad spectrum of inhibitory activities on tumor angiogenesis and growth. However, so far, no studies have reported the use of anlotinib in the treatment of HCC patients with PVTT. Here, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of anlotinib, followed by transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for the treatment of patients with HCC and PVTT. Materials and Methods: A total of 145 consecutive HCC patients who underwent TACE in combination with RFA were enrolled in the retrospective study. Twenty-eight patients were diagnosed with PVTT and received anlotinib as basic treatment. The adverse events (AEs) were graded according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for AEs Version 4.0. Time to tumor progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Results: The most common toxicities related to anlotinib were pharyngalgia (53.6%), fatigue (42.9%), and hand–foot skin reaction (39.3%). The median OS was 13 months (range: 3–18 months) with 1-year OS rate of 64.3%. The median TTP was 7 months (range: 1–12 months) with 6-month rate of 46.4%. Conclusion: Anlotinib followed by TACE and RFA is a safe and effective initial treatment modality for HCC patients with PVTT. Anlotinib may be a promising therapeutic option for relieving and/or stabilizing HCC with PVTT.

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