Calculation of radium-223 and actinium-225 α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals dose rates in treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer
Akbar Abbasi1, Mehdi Dadashpour2, Iraj Alipourfard3
1 Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Kyrenia, Girne, TRNC, Via Mersin 10, Turkey
2 Department of Medical Biotechnology, Faculty of Advanced Medical Sciences; Immunology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
3 Center of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133, Rome, Italy
Faculty of Engineering, University of Kyrenia, Girne, TRNC, Via Mersin 10
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
Aim of Study: There is limited information regarding the α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals dose calculation used in the setting of men with prostate cancer (PCa). The present study investigates the α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals absorbed dose distribution in the body organs.
Materials and Methods: The α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals dose coefficient and absorbed doses biokinetics distribution, which are used for the treatment of PCa in all over the world, were performed using the “Internal Dose Assessed by Computer” (IDAC-Dose 2.1) program. The results of absorbed dose distribution in any organ of the body, were compared in studied α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals.
Results: The absorbed dose value of 223Ra radiopharmaceutical in the prostate organ was evaluated 9.47E-9 Gy/Bq. The maximum and minimum absorbed doses due to biokinetics distribution of 223Ra were found in the thymus (9.53E-8 Gy/Bq) and eye lenses (1.30E-10 Gy/Bq) organs, respectively. Furthermore, the 225Ac absorbed dose in the prostate organ was obtained 1.91E-9 Gy/Bq, where this value is 1% of total body dose. While the absorbed dose distribution of 225Ac in body organs shows the highest concentration in the spleen (1.47E-8 Gy/Bq) and lowest in the eye lenses (7.93E-12 Gy/Bq).
Conclusion: The absorbed dose in the body organs due to 223Ra and 225Ac α-emitter radiopharmaceuticals which are used in metastasized castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), calculated in this study. The results of this study will assist in evaluating and analyzing human body organ doses from application of 223Ra and 225Ac that used in mCRPC patients.