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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1482-1487

Estrogen and progesterone receptor in meningiomas: An immunohistochemical analysis

1 Department of Pathology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Kumar Chowhan
Department of Pathology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati - 517 507, Andhra Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_1075_16

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Background: Meningiomas are common slow-growing primary intracranial neoplasms attached to the dura mater and are composed of neoplastic meningothelial cells. Increased incidence of meningiomas in women with an increased tumor growth during pregnancy and a possible association with breast cancer suggested that female sex hormones have been involved in the growth of meningiomas. Antihormonal-targeted therapy would be beneficial in such patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to correlate the expression of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) in meningiomas with gender, location, histological subtypes, and grade. Materials and Methods: This is a 3½-year prospective and retrospective study of intracranial and intraspinal meningiomas. Clinical details of all the patients were noted from the computerized hospital information system. Immunohistochemistry for ER and PR was performed. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square test. Results: During the study period, there were 80 Grade I, 18 Grade II, and 2 Grade III meningiomas categorized as per the World Health Organization 2007 classification. The female-to-male ratio was 1.9:1 and the mean age was 47.8 years. ER was expressed in 2% of meningiomas. PR was expressed in 67.5% of Grade I and 66.6% of Grade II and none of Grade III meningiomas. Brain-invasive meningiomas showed 54.5% PR immunopositivity and negative for ER. Conclusion: ER and PR were expressed in 2% and 66% of meningiomas, respectively. Statistically significant relationship was not found between the positivity of PR in females and males of Grade I and Grade II/III meningiomas, intracranial and spinal tumors, Grade I and Grade II/III cases, and various histological subtypes of meningiomas.

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