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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1382-1386

Plasma fatty acids composition and estimated delta desaturases activity in women with breast cancer

1 Department of Biochemistry, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Oncology, K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijith Shetty
K S Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore - 575 018, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_288_19

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Introduction: Fatty acids (FAs) are the vital constituents of membrane structures. De novo synthesis of FAs includes an enzymatic complex of FA synthase and delta desaturases. These enzymes are overexpressed in tumors, and inhibition of these enzymes is gaining interest. Our aim was to determine if delta desaturase activities are altered in breast cancer (BC) cases and if altered whether delta desaturase activities differ among BC genotypes. Materials and Methods: In this observational comparative study, 50 women with BC and 30 control women were recruited for the study. Gas chromatography-flame ionization detector was used to measure the plasma FA levels. Desaturase activities were assessed as product-to-precursor FA ratios. The Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used to compare between two groups, and P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The FA analysis revealed higher levels of monounsaturated FAs (MUFAs) and linolenic acid metabolites (C18:3n-6, C20:4n-6) in BC patients, whereas C20:5n-3 was higher in controls. The Delta 9 desaturase (D9D) and D6D were higher in BC cases suggesting greater conversion saturated FA to MUFA and linoleic acid to its metabolites. D9D-16 activity was statistically significant (P = 0.03) in BC women, particularly in estrogen-receptor-positive patients. Conclusion: There is limited evidence to substantiate the link between diet and cancer. The current study showed there is an altered lipid desaturase activity. Nutritional intervention and drugs that target the FA pathway may provide a new approach to prevent and treat BC.

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