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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 266-271

Efficacy and safety of amurubicin for the elderly patients with refractory relapsed small cell lung cancer as third-line chemotherapy

Department of Pulmonology, Kameda Medical Center, Chiba, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Nobuhiro Asai
929 Higashi-cho, Kamogawa, Chiba
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.98983

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Background: While more elderly patients are being diagnosed with lung cancer every year, no anti-lung cancer therapy designed specifically for the elderly has been established yet. This is the first retrospective study to examine the efficacy and safety of amurubicin (AMR) for elderly patients with refractory relapsed small cell lung cancer (SCLC) as second or third-line chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six patients were eligible for analyzing the frequency of hematologic and non-hematologic toxicities and effectiveness of AMR for refractory relapsed SCLC in both elderly (≥70 years) and non-elderly (<70 years) groups. Results: Among these patients as third-line chemotherapy, the response rate and the disease control rate of refractory relapsed cases were 44.4 and 55.6%, respectively. The median of progression-free survival time was 3.0 months and the median of overall survival time was 5.1 months. There were no significant differences in the frequency of the grade 3-5 hematologic or non-hematologic toxicity between the elderly (≥70 years) and non-elderly (<70 years) patients or second and third-line chemotherapies. Conclusions: AMR could be one of the effective tools in the treatment of elderly patients with refractory relapsed SCLC as third-line chemotherapy, and the recommended dose is 30 mg/m 2 for three consecutive days.

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