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Figure 3: Comparison of the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 in Group M + P, Group M + S, Group D + P, and Group D + S. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 were used to reflect the systemic inflammatory response at 10 min before anesthesia (Ta), 1st (Tb), 3rd (Tc), and 7th (Td) day after operation in Group M + P, Group M + S, Group D + P, and Group D + S. (a) the level of tumor necrosis factor-α in different groups. Compared with Group M + P at Tb, Tc, and Td, #P < 0.05 in Group M + S; Compared with Group M + S at Tb, Tc, and Td, *P < 0.05 in Group D + S. (b) the level of interleukin-6 in different groups. Compared with Group M + P at Tb, Tc, and Td, #P < 0.05 in Group M + S; compared with Group M + S at Tb, Tc, and Td, *P < 0.05 in Group D + S. Data are representative of 30 independent experiments

Figure 3: Comparison of the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-6 in Group M + P, Group M + S, Group D + P, and Group D + S. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-<b>α</b> and interleukin-6 were used to reflect the systemic inflammatory response at 10 min before anesthesia (Ta), 1<sup>st</sup> (Tb), 3<sup>rd</sup> (Tc), and 7<sup>th</sup> (Td) day after operation in Group M + P, Group M + S, Group D + P, and Group D + S. (a) the level of tumor necrosis factor-<b>α</b> in different groups. Compared with Group M + P at Tb, Tc, and Td, <sup>#</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 in Group M + S; Compared with Group M + S at Tb, Tc, and Td, *<i>P</i> < 0.05 in Group D + S. (b) the level of interleukin-6 in different groups. Compared with Group M + P at Tb, Tc, and Td, <sup>#</sup><i>P</i> < 0.05 in Group M + S; compared with Group M + S at Tb, Tc, and Td, *<i>P</i> < 0.05 in Group D + S. Data are representative of 30 independent experiments