Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20--25

Exercise prehabilitation program for patients under neoadjuvant treatment for rectal cancer: A pilot study


Lidia B Alejo1, Itziar Pagola-Aldazabal1, Carmen Fiuza-Luces3, Daniel Huerga2, María Victoria de Torres3, Ana Soria Verdugo3, María Jesus Ortega Solano3, José Luis Felipe4, Alejandro Lucia1, Ana Ruiz-Casado5 
1 School of Sports Sciences, European University of Madrid; Research in Physical Activity and Health, Research Institute “i+12” (12 Octubre University Hospital), Madrid, Spain
2 Department of Surgery, Fuenlabrada University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
3 Department of Oncology, Fuenlabrada University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
4 School of Sports Sciences, European University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
5 Department of Oncology, Puerta de Hierrro University Hospital, Majadahonda, Spain

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Alejandro Lucia
European University of Madrid, 28670 Villaviciosa De Odón, Madrid
Spain

Context: Prehabilitation is emerging as a method of preparing patients physically and mentally for the often disabling effects of cancer treatment. Aims: This study aims to assess the feasibility and to explore the potential effects of a prehabilitation program consisting of educational physical exercise sessions in patients with rectal cancer undergoing neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy treatment (NCRT). Settings and Design: This was a pilot study with 12 patients (3 males and 9 females, age 61 ± 7 years). Subjects and Methods: The program included six educational sessions of exercise during NCRT. Adherence to the intervention; quality of life (QoL); anxiety and depression; body mass index; physical fitness (peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), handgrip and dynamic leg strength); and physical activity (PA) levels were measured. Statistical Analysis Used: Data are reported as the mean ± standard deviation or medians and interquartile ranges for questionnaire-derived data. Secondary outcome measures were compared using the nonparametric Wilcoxon test. The threshold P value for significance was calculated after correction for multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni method. Results: Adherence to the program was 64 of 72 possible exercise education sessions completed, i.e., 89%. We detected a trend toward a significant improvement in VO2peak after the intervention (P = 0.015), together with reduced scores for both depression (P = 0.017) and the QoL domain “emotional function” (P = 0.027). Mean levels of moderate to vigorous PA tended to increase after the exercise program (P = 0.091). Conclusions: Exercise might be an effective prehabilitation strategy for surgery during the period of NCRT.


How to cite this article:
Alejo LB, Pagola-Aldazabal I, Fiuza-Luces C, Huerga D, de Torres MV, Verdugo AS, Ortega Solano MJ, Felipe JL, Lucia A, Ruiz-Casado A. Exercise prehabilitation program for patients under neoadjuvant treatment for rectal cancer: A pilot study.J Can Res Ther 2019;15:20-25


How to cite this URL:
Alejo LB, Pagola-Aldazabal I, Fiuza-Luces C, Huerga D, de Torres MV, Verdugo AS, Ortega Solano MJ, Felipe JL, Lucia A, Ruiz-Casado A. Exercise prehabilitation program for patients under neoadjuvant treatment for rectal cancer: A pilot study. J Can Res Ther [serial online] 2019 [cited 2019 Sep 15 ];15:20-25
Available from: http://www.cancerjournal.net/article.asp?issn=0973-1482;year=2019;volume=15;issue=1;spage=20;epage=25;aulast=Alejo;type=0