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Acute treatment-related toxicity in elderly patients with good performance status compared to young patients in locally advanced esophageal carcinoma treated by definitive chemoradiation: A retrospective comparative study


1 Department of Radiotherapy, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
HS Kumar,
Department of Radiotherapy, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Bikaner, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_878_18

Introduction: The benefit of definitive chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer is not well established. We perform a single institutional retrospective study of CRT in terms of toxicity in elderly patients (age more than 60 years) as compared with young cohort (age <60 years) in locally advanced nonmetastatic esophageal cancer. Patients and Methods: A total 145 of patients, 79 in young age (Group A) and 66 patients of elder age (Group B) with Stage II and III squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus with ECOG PS of 0–1, who had undergone definitive CRT at our institute from January 2015 to November 2018 were selected for this analysis. Chemotherapy was cisplatin (40 mg/m2) given concurrently on weekly basis with radiotherapy (RT). Total prescribed dose of RT was 50.4 Gy at the rate of 1.8 Gy per fraction. Median age was 40 years (25–60 years) and 65 years (60–75 years) in young and elderly group, respectively. Follow-up is done at median of 28 months (1–48 months) after treatment. Results: Acute Grade 2–3 esophagitis was seen in 48.10% in young cohort, while it was 60.6% in older group. Grade 2–3 nausea and vomiting was seen in 32.91% in young age patients, while it was 45.5% in elder patients. No statistically significant difference is seen in acute treatment-related toxicity in young and elderly group. Conclusion: Our conclusion is that patients with adequate functional status should not be excluded from curative CRT based on age alone.


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