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Carcinoma vulva patterns of recurrence and treatment outcomes: A single-institution experience

 Department of Radiation Oncology and Surgical Oncology, Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Hyderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rohith Singareddy,
Basavatarakam Indo American Cancer Hospital and Research Institute, Road No. 10, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 034, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_44_18

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the patterns of recurrence and outcomes in patients with vulvar cancer treated with surgery, with or without postoperative radiotherapy (RT) or RT alone. Materials and Methods: The hospital records were retrospectively analyzed from February 2007 to May 2016. All patients that had biopsy-proven carcinoma vulva were included for analysis. Surgery was done by simple or radical vulvectomy with or without lymph node dissection. Radical RT dose was 60 Gy (photons alone or with electron boost). Adjuvant RT was administered in case of node positivity or positive margins. Results: A total of 76 patients were diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma of vulva. The median age was 59 years. About 59 patients were treated by surgery and 17 patients were treated by radical RT. The most common stage was IB. Adjuvant RT was administered in 10 patients. About 13 patients (22%) underwent inguinal lymphadenectomy. At a median follow-up of 35 months, 49 patients (64.4%) were alive, 27 died, and 6 patients were lost to follow-up. Locoregional recurrence rate was 24.5% in radical surgery group, 12% in surgery plus adjuvant RT group, and 47% in radical RT group. Distant metastasis rate was 4%. The progression-free survival at 3 years was 45.3% and 35.5% in the surgery group and radical RT group, respectively. Conclusion: Surgery resulted in favorable local control rates in early-stage carcinoma vulva. Adjuvant RT is indicated in case of nodal positivity or positive margins. Radical RT can be considered as an alternative in patients with comorbidities.

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