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The radioprotective effect of melatonin against radiation-induced DNA double-strand breaks in radiology


1 Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Malek-Ashtar University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Radiologic Technology, Faculty of Paramedicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences; Toxicology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Alireza Shirazi,
Department of Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Keshavarz Boulevard, Poursina Avenue, Tehran
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_370_18

Objective: The objective of this study is to observe the effect of 100-mg melatonin in reducing the levels of double-strand breaks (DSB) induced by 10 mGy and 100 mGy X-ray in peripheral lymphocyte applying H2AX immunofluorescence microscopy and comparing the different efficacies of melatonin ingestion 1 and 2 h before irradiation. Materials and Methods: Informed consent was obtained from five healthy males, nonathlete, and nonsmoking human volunteers aged between 25 and 35 years. Each volunteer was given a single oral dose of 100 mg melatonin at 9 a.m. Blood samples were collected in vacutainer tubes (without any preservative to separate the serum, and with heparin as an anticoagulant for separating leukocytes for in vitro exposure to gamma radiation) 5–10 min before then 1 and 2 h after melatonin ingestion. Afterward, each sample was subdivided into nonirradiated and irradiated groups (10 mGy and 100 mGy). After irradiation, lymphocytes of samples were separated. The isolated lymphocytes in each group were permeabilized for DSB assessment and stained against the phosphorylated histone variant γH2AX. Results: Melatonin ingestion 1 and 2 h before irradiation caused a significant reduction in γH2AX foci. Results further indicate that the change in ingestion of melatonin from 1 to 2 h before exposure had no significant effect. In addition, melatonin administration showed no side effects. Conclusion: The present study showed that melatonin will prove effective in radioprotection against ionizing radiation (IR)-induced DNA damage in human lymphocytes. Our results suggest ingestion of 100-mg melatonin by patients before exposure to IR in radiology.


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    -  Esmaely F
    -  Mahmoudzadeh A
    -  Cheki M
    -  Shirazi A
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