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Kilovoltage cone-beam computed tomography imaging dose estimation and optimization: Need of daily cone-beam computed tomography

1 Department of Radiotherapy, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Physics, Dr. Shakuntala Misra National Rehabilitation University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Gaurav Trivedi,
Department of Radiotherapy, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_949_17

Aim: The aim of the present study was to access the need of daily cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and the requirement of in-house protocols of image acquisition frequency to reduce unnecessary exposure to the patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment. Materials and Methods: The dose delivered during CBCT procedure (On-Board Imager, Trilogy, Varian medical system, Inc., Palo Alto, California) was assessed for pelvic and head and neck region. For dose estimation, cylindrical polymethyl methacrylate phantoms of 15 cm length, 16 cm, and 32 cm diameter were used to simulate the patient's head and neck and pelvic region thickness, respectively. More than 10 cm scatterer was added on either end of this phantom. Calibrated Ionization chamber DCT10 LEMO SN 1685 iba, dosimetry, Germany (10 cm active length) was used to measure the dose Index. The doses known as cone-beam dose index (CBDI100) were estimated for all the scanning protocols (kV and mAs setting) available on the machine. In this study, image acquisition frequency to correct the setup error was optimized. In-house protocol for image acquisition frequency during treatment has been suggested to reduce the dose. It was based on the principle of as low as reasonable achievable. Results: Optimized dose protocol observed was the “standard dose head” for which the CBDI100 was 2.43 mGy. Whereas for pelvic imaging, single protocol of 125 kV, 80 mA was available by which a dose of 7.61 mGy is likely to be received by the patient during scan. Maximum shift of 6 mm in lateral direction was observed to the patient of Pelvis region and 5 mm was observed in the longitudinal direction for the H and N patients. Angular shift measured in patient position was 3.8° and 3.1° for H and N and pelvic region, respectively. Conclusion: Three consecutive-day CBCT-imaging at the beginning of the treatment followed by once weekly CBCT and two-dimensional (2D) imaging in remaining days of treatment can be an optimized way of imaging for the patient having malignancy in the region of pelvic and abdomen. For H and N, once in a week, CBCT with standard dose head protocol, followed by 2D-imaging in remaining days can be an optimized way of imaging.

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