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Locally advanced cervical cancer – neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiation and targeted therapy as maintenance: A phase II study


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Medical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Pathology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Sushmita Pathy,
Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_39_18

Aim: The survival in locally advanced cervical cancer remains low. We evaluated the role of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT), chemoradiotherapy (CRT), followed by gefitinib maintenance in locally advanced cervical cancer. Materials and Methods: Twenty-five patients with locally advanced carcinoma cervix were enrolled between July 2012 and May 2013. Patients received 6 weekly doses of NACT Paclitaxel (60 mg/m2) and carboplatin (AUC 2), followed by CRT and brachytherapy. The analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression was carried out by immunohistochemistry. Gefitinib (250 mg daily) was given as maintenance therapy for 1 year after completion of chemoradiation. Comparison of EGFR expression and survival outcomes was done. Results: Twenty-four of 25 patients completed the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy. Post-CRT, all patients were started on gefitinib maintenance, and twenty patients completed the intended 1 year of gefitinib maintenance. Nineteen (76%) patients had a radiological complete response to NACT. EGFR was moderately or strongly expressed in 86.3% of the patients. The 3-year overall survival was 69.8%, and 3-year progression-free survival was 51.4%. Expression of EGFR was not found to be a significant factor affecting overall survival or progression-free survival. Conclusions: Weekly neoadjuvant chemotherapy is associated with a good response rate in locally advanced cervical cancer. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, chemoradiation, followed by gefitinib maintenance gives good survival outcome in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer.


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