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Combined modality treatment: Outcome in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, MMIMSR, MMU, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Department of Internal Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Correspondence Address:
Budhi Singh Yadav,
Department of Radiation Oncology, Regional Cancer Centre, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_465_17

Background: Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) can be treated with combined modality treatment (CMT) to limit long-term toxicities in the early favorable stage. Early unfavorable and advanced stage HL is mainly treated with chemotherapy followed by radiation to the bulky site. This study examines the impact of CMT in early as well as advanced stage HL. Materials and Methods: From 2001 to 2011, 125 patients with Stage I to IV HL were analyzed. Median age of the patients was 25 years (range 12–68 years). CMT, chemotherapy, and radiation alone were given to 51, 64, and 10 patients, respectively. Chemotherapy with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) was given to 100 patients, 6 patients received ABVD-like regimen, and 9 patients received cyclophosphamide, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone regimen. Radiotherapy (RT) was given to 61 (49%) patients, involved field RT to 55 (90%), and extended-field RT to 6 (10%) patients, respectively. Median radiation dose was 30 Gy (18–40 Gy). Results: All 25 patients with early-stage achieved complete response (CR) with CMT. At a median follow-up of 70 months (range 12–230 months), relapse was seen in two patients (1 local and 1 distant). Of 26 patients with advanced stage, 25 achieved a CR and 1 had stable disease with CMT. Relapse occurred in one patient (distant). In patients with early-stage treated with chemotherapy only (n = 30, 24%), 9 patients had relapse (4 local and 5 distant) while in those with RT only (n = 10, 8%), 4 developed distant relapse. In patients with advanced stage treated with chemotherapy only (n = 34, 27%), 8 relapsed (5 local and distant, 3 distant only). Patients with relapse were salvaged with CMT (n = 6), chemotherapy (n = 15), or RT (n = 3). Two patients have died. Five years' disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with early favorable stage, early unfavorable stage, and advanced stage was 91%, 82%, and 73%, respectively (P = 0.026). DFS was significantly better with CMT than chemotherapy or radiation alone. Five years' overall survival (OS) was 93%, 92%, and 84%, respectively (P = 0.139). Second malignancy occurred in 3 (2.4%) patients; carcinoma of the tongue, pseudomyxoma peritonei, and non-HL each, respectively. None of these patients had received prior radiation. Conclusion: CMT improved DFS in patients with HL. OS was similar in all patients irrespective of treatment combinations. The incidence of second malignancy was 2.4%.


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    -  Yadav BS
    -  Sharma SC
    -  Malhotra P
    -  Prakash G
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