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Epidemiological characteristics of breast cancer patients attending a tertiary health-care institute in the National Capital Territory of India

1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science, Banasthali Vidyapith, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Human Nutrition, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Dwarka, New Delhi, India
3 Epidemiology and Clinical Research Division, National Institute of Malaria Research, Indian Council of Medical Research, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Dwarka, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Nighat Yaseen Sofi,
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Faculty of Home Science, Banasthali Vanasthali, Niwai - 304 022, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_868_16

Background: Limited data are available on the epidemiology of breast cancer (BC) in India. Objective: To study the epidemiological characteristics of BC patients attending a tertiary care hospital in National Capital Territory of India. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted and information from 320 women with confirmed BC was collected on a questionnaire for demographic profile, socioeconomic status (SES), reproductive risk factors, and family history of BC. Information on clinical presentation and staging of BC was recorded. Anthropometric assessment for body mass index (BMI) was done. Data were analyzed and presented as mean ± standard deviation and frequency tables. Results: The mean age at diagnosis of BC was 47 ± 10 years. Fifty-three percent of patients were illiterate or only primary school education. About 74% of patients were from urban areas. Only 11% of patients were from upper SES and 26% from lower SES. Forty-seven percent of patients had stage II followed by 36% with stage III BC. About 15% patients had experienced early menarche (<13 years of age) and 15% of women had attained late menopause (>51 years of age). About 42% of patients had <3 children and 15% patients had a family history of BC. About 38% patients were overweight and 21% were obese. Conclusion: Other than the established risk factors, other factors such as lack of education, SES, and higher BMI were present in our study. A higher percentage of women were diagnosed with BC at later stages. There is a need for educating women about BC, self-examination of breast, and screening programs for early detection of BC.

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