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Prospective randomized trial of standard antiemetic therapy with yoga versus standard antiemetic therapy alone for highly emetogenic chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in South Asian population

 Department of Radiation Oncology, Acharya Tulsi Regional Cancer Treatment and Research Institute, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Trupti O Kothari,
Department of Radiation oncology, ATRCTRI, Bikaner, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_860_16

Aim/Background: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most distressing side effects of highly emetogenic chemotherapy regimens. There have been continuous efforts in the direction to control CINV by many investigators. Materials and Methods: Randomly selected patients were those receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy regimen grouped into yoga and standard antiemetic therapy (n = 50) just before receiving chemotherapy and continued for the following days and other group (n = 50) received only the standard antiemetic agent. Both the groups were assessed, followed for acute and delayed onset of chemotherapy-induced and anticipatory nausea and vomiting using radiation therapy oncology group grading for the same. We also assessed the quality of life of the patient using the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General questionnaire. Results: The median age group of the patients was 51 years with male:female ratio 2:1, The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status was 0/1 in 38% of the selected population, while ECOG 2 in 62% of the patients. In yoga arm, insignificant reduction in chemotherapy-induced nausea (90% vs. 78%, P = 0.35) and but significant reduction in vomiting (42% vs. 22%, P =0.01) was observed as compared to the standard antiemetics only arm. There was a significant reduction in Grade 2 and 3 nausea (84% vs. 38% P < 0.01) and vomiting (14% vs. 0% P < 0.01). Quality of life is also significantly improved in the yoga arm, especially in the ECOG 2 performance status. Conclusions: This study concludes that yoga along with standard antiemetic medication should be a part of the management plan for the cancer patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy.

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