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Comparing surgical outcome and ovarian reserve after laparoscopic hysterectomy between two methods of with and without prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy: A randomized controlled trial


1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Safoura Rouholamin,
Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Motahari Street, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: This study aimed to compare the surgical outcome and ovarian reserve in premenopausal women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy (without oophorectomy) for benign cause between two methods of with and without prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy. Materials and Methods: In a prospective randomized clinical trial, 62 premenopausal women with benign indication underwent a laparoscopic hysterectomy. Patients were then randomized to undergo hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy (Group 1; n = 15) or without bilateral salpingectomy (Group 2; n = 15). We evaluated the impact of bilateral salpingectomy on surgical outcome and ovarian reserve using serum levels of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) that were measured preoperatively and at 3 months postoperatively (P < 0.001). Results: Baseline characteristics such as age, uterine size, body mass index, and preoperative AMH and FSH levels were similar between the two study groups. The average operative time, estimated blood loss, uterine size, uterine weight, and intraoperative complication were similar between two groups. The mean AMH levels were not significantly different at baseline (1.44 ng/mL vs. 1.2 ng/mL) and at 3-month postoperatively (1.13 ng/mL vs. 0.97 ng/mL) among women with salpingectomy versus no salpingectomy. At 3-month follow-up, in both groups, postoperative AMH levels were significantly lower and FSH levels were significantly higher than before surgery. Conclusion: Prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy at the time of laparoscopic hysterectomy neither has a negative effect on ovarian reserve nor increases the surgical risk. Therefore, we may recommend gynecologic surgeons to perform prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy during laparoscopic hysterectomy to conserve both ovaries.


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    -  Asgari Z
    -  Tehranian A
    -  Rouholamin S
    -  Hosseini R
    -  Sepidarkish M
    -  Rezainejad M
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