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Dose rate and energy dependence study of methacrylic acid gelatin tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium chloride gel with flattened and unflattened photon beams

 Department of Physics, Medical Gel Dosimetry Laboratory, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
P Sathiyaraj,
Nuclear and Medical Physics Division, VIT University, Vellore, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the dose rate and energy dependency of methacrylic acid gelatin tetrakis (hydroxymethyl) phosphonium chloride (MAGAT) gel in unflattened photon beam using X-ray computed tomography (CT) and ultraviolet (UV)-visible spectroscopy. Materials and Methods: MAGAT gel was prepared and it was exposed to 6 MV flattened and unflattened beams. The dose selected for irradiation was ranging from 3 to 15 Gy with an increment of 3 Gy. The dose rate dependency of the gel was investigated by exposing the gel to three different dose rates of 250, 500, and 1500 cGy/min for flattening filter free (FFF). To verify the energy dependency of the gel, it was exposed by both FFF and flattening filter (FF) for constant dose rate (250 cGy/min) and different energy (6 and 10 MV X-ray photons). The exposed gels were scanned by X-ray CT and UV-visible spectrophotometer. Results: The change in dose sensitivity observed over the dose rate from 250 cGy/min to 1500 cGy/min was 58.00% and 57.89% using a UV-visible spectrophotometer and X-ray CT analysis method. Energy dependency was evaluated with respect to dose sensitivity and the variation between 6 MV FF and FFF photon beams was found to be 2.20% and 2.21% using UV-visible spectrophotometer analysis and X-ray CT, respectively. Similarly, the variation noticed with 10 MV FF and FFF was 2.30% using UV-visible spectrophotometer analysis and 2.22% using X-ray CT analysis. Conclusions: The results clearly show that the MAGAT gel was highly dose rate-dependent and less dependent on energy. The beam quality variation between FF and FFF was less. The similar results obtained using X-ray CT scanner and UV-visible spectrophotometer indicate that this study can be recommended for polymer gel scanning procedure.

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