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Breast cancer screening practices amongst female tertiary health worker in Nnewi


1 Department of Surgery, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Nigeria
2 Department of Surgery, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
3 Department of Pharmacology, College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
4 Department of Community Medicine, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Chimezie Innocent Madubogwu,
Department of Surgery, Anambra State University Teaching Hospital, Awka, Anambra State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Breast cancer in Nigeria and other developing countries is characterized by late presentation and poor outcome due to ignorance, superstition, self-denial, fear of mastectomy, and unavailability of treatment facilities. The mortality of breast cancer in Western world is decreasing due to early detection and better management. Objective: This study aims at accessing the knowledge, attitude, and practice of breast cancer screening among female tertiary health workers. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study carried out using a structured, pretested, self-administered questionnaire to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practice of breast cancer and screening methods among female health workers. Results: The mean age of respondents was 31.70 ± 7.62 years. The level of awareness of breast cancer screening methods was high: 158 (98.75%), 127 (79.4%), and 144 (90.0%) for breast self-examination (BSE), clinical breast examination (CBE), and mammography, respectively. However, only 47 (35.9%), 36 (22.5%), and 3 (1.9%) correctly practiced BSE, CBE, and mammography, respectively. The level of education and occupation showed significant correlations with the knowledge and practice of breast cancer screening methods. Conclusion: Breast cancer screening still needs to be promoted to improve the attitude and practice among both health workers and general population.


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    -  Madubogwu CI
    -  Egwuonwu AO
    -  Madubogwu NU
    -  Njelita IA
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