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A comparison between skin dose of breast cancer patients at the breast region, measured by thermoluminescent dosimeter in the presence and absence of bolus

1 Student Research Committee, Department of Medical Physics, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences; Medical Physics Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Medical Physics Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Comprehensive Cancer Centers of Nevada, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Taghi Bahreyni Toossi,
Department of Medical Physics, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Pardis-e-Daneshgah, Vakil Abad Boulevard, Mashhad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Aim: The aim of this study was to measure entrance skin dose (ESD) on the breast of patients who had undergone radiotherapy following surgery, in the presence and absence of bolus. Materials and Methods: In this study, the ESD on the breast of 22 female patients was measured using thermoluminescent dosimeter-100 chips. For each patient, the ESD was measured 3 times (once without bolus and twice using bolus). The bolus types used in this study include super flab and wax. Results: The average ESDs on the breast of patients (from both medial and lateral tangential fields) in the presence of the super flab bolus and absence of bolus were 225.8 and 148.17 cGy, respectively, that when using the bolus, around 52% increasing in ESD was observed. The results showed a significant relationship between the ESD on the breast of patients and bolus types (P = 0.002); in addition, correlation coefficient between the two boluses (super flab and wax) was 0.615 (r = 0.615). Conclusion: When using the bolus in postmastectomy irradiation, it is noted that in dose delivery to the chest wall, surgical scar or skin of the treated region should be considered. The use of the bolus as a substance that increases of the skin dose can sometimes cause an excessive increase in skin dose that may cause severe skin reactions and underdosing of underlying tissues. Furthermore, using wax bolus in regions that do not require a lot of shaping of bolus is affordable.

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