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Sonographic imaging of fibrosis of oral mucosa and its correlation with clinical staging in oral submucous fibrosis

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Nalgonda, Telangana, India
2 Department of General Radiology, Kamineni Institute of Medical Sciences, Nalgonda, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Lakshmi Kavitha Nadendla,
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Kamineni Institute of Dental Sciences, Sreepuram, Narketpally, Nalgonda, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background and Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasonography (USG) as a noninvasive tool in assessing the severity of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) by measuring the submucosal thickness and also to correlate the sonographic changes with clinical staging. Materials and Methods: The submucosal thickness of the upper and lower labial mucosa, anterior and posterior portions of the right and left buccal mucosa were measured using ultrasound in 64 patients comprising of 32 OSMF patients and 32 controls. Among the controls, 16 were with a habit of chewing gutkha and 16 were without any habit history. Results: In OSMF group, four patients were with Stage I, 13 were with Stage II, 11 were with Stage III, and four with Stage IV. Results were analyzed by one-way analysis of variance for the significance of difference among the groups in submucosal thickness. As the stages of OSMF advanced, there was an increase in submucosal thickness of the buccal mucosa in the study group when compared with controls (P < 0.005). Conclusion: USG is an effective noninvasive zero radiation tool for assessing the progression of OSMF.

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