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Assessment of nutritional status using abridged scored patient-generated subjective global assessment in cancer patient


1 Nutrition and Food Security Research Centre, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
2 Nutrition and Food Security Research Centre, School of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Isfahan Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
3 Department of Clinical Oncology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
4 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Azadeh Najarzadeh,
Nutrition and Food Security Research Centre, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, P.O. Code 8915173160
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Context: Malnutrition is a common problem among cancer patients, usually occurs due to poor appetite, low food intake, and changes in body metabolism. Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients receiving chemotherapy on an outpatient basis. Settings and Design: This cross-sectional study conducted on 300 cancer patients referred to hospital. Subjects and Methods: The prevalence of malnutrition among patients was assessed using the abridged scored patient-generated subjective global assessment (abPG-SGA) standard questionnaire. Moreover, patient's weight and 24 h dietary recall were measured. Statistical Analysis Used: Descriptive statistics were used to present characteristics of patients and dietary recalls. For revealing the correlation, Spearman correlation was used. Results: The average abPG-SGA score was 7.6 (standard deviation [SD] = 5.4) and 60.7% of patients were malnourished and required nutritional intervention. Patients mean age and mean duration of illness were 54.2 (SD = 14.7(years, 25 months, respectively. The most common complaint of patients included fatigue (51.3%), anorexia (43.3%), and dry mouth (41%). Reduction in food intake in past month was reported by 41.7% of patients. Conclusion: According to the high prevalence of cancers and increasing growth of them in recent years with regard to outpatient treatment development for cancer patients, using the abPG-SGA standard questionnaire by nutritionist or nurses can be effective to detect malnourished patients and reduce complications caused by disease.


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    -  Shahvazi S
    -  Onvani S
    -  Heydari M
    -  Mehrzad V
    -  Najarzadeh A
    -  Fallahzadeh H
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