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A survey of computed tomography dose index and dose length product level in usual computed tomography protocol


1 Department of Radiology and Medical Physics, Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Ehsan Mihandoost,
Department of Medical Radiation Engineering, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Background: Nowadays, the use of computed tomography (CT) as a diagnostic tool has been considerably increased. Therefore, implementation of the program to conform the protection regulations on the CT scan is necessary to reduce the detrimental effects of radiation. Objective: This study was performed to measure weighted CT dose index (CTDI W ) and dose length product (DLP) in routine CT protocols of the adult patients. Methods: In this study, the patient dose was determined in routine CT protocols. The CT scanner used in this study was a single-slice Toshiba model. Scan parameters for each protocol were registered for 10 standard sized patients and then by applying it to the CT system, CTDI w and DLP mean values were calculated and finally the values of dose were compared with the reference dose limit. Results: The mean values of CTDI w and DLP for head, para nasal sinuses, chest, abdomen, and pelvis protocols were 34.11, 19.67, 15.47, 13.95, 10.08 mGy and 362.67, 153.97, 307.33, 346.07, 189.37 mGy.cm, respectively. The mean values of CTDI W and DLP obtained in all of the protocols were less and even less than half in some of the protocols compared with the European guidelines and the UK reference values. However, mean values of CTDIw in the Chest and Abdomen protocols, were greater than IAEA reported values. Conclusions: Using lower milli Amperes and higher kilo voltage peak as well as minimizing scan area and number of slices should be considered for more reduction in patients' dose.


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    -  Aliasgharzadeh A
    -  Mihandoost E
    -  Mohseni M
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