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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 485-493

Evaluating different radiotherapy treatment plans, in terms of critical organ scoring index, conformity index, tumor control probability, and normal tissue complication probability calculations in early glottic larynx carcinoma


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical Physics Division, Antalya Research and Treatment Hospital, Medical Sciences University, Antalya, Turkey
2 Department of Radiation Oncology, Antalya Research and Treatment Hospital, Medical Sciences University, Antalya, Turkey
3 Department of Radiation Oncology, Suleyman Demirel University, Isparta, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Aysun Inal
Department of Radiation Oncology, Medical Physics Division, Antalya Research and Treatment Hospital, Medical Sciences University, Antalya
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_888_18

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Purpose: In this study, it is aimed to compare three different radiotherapy treatment planning techniques in terms of critical organ scoring index (COSI), two different conformity index (CI), tumor control probability (TCP), and normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) calculations in early (T1) glottic larynx carcinoma (T1GL). Furthermore, it is aimed to investigate these parameters compliance with dose-volume histograms (DVH) parameters. Materials and Methods: Ten T1GL patients were immobilized in a supine position with a head and neck thermoplastic mask. Treatment plans were created with opposed lateral fields (OLAFs) and intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) techniques with a total dose of 66 Gy in 33 fraction with 2 Gy/day. IMRT fields were selected as five fields (5IMRT) and seven fields (7IMRT). Dosimetric evaluation of three different treatment plans for T1GL carcinoma was performed in two consequential steps. First step was the assessment of planning target volume (PTV), all organs at risks (OARs), and normal tissue (NT) dose calculations according to given dose constraint directions and comparing the plans via DVH. In the second step, for PTV, the compatibility of DVH data with CIs-TCP was investigated where COSI-NTCP was compared with DVH for OARs. The DVH data were considered as reference in all evaluations. Results: The CIRTOG mean values were significantly closer to 1 with IMRT plans when compared to OLAF plans (P = 0.005). The CIPADDICK mean values revealed that OLAF plans were significantly worse than IMRT plans (P = 0.005). No statistically significant difference was found between all three plans in terms of homogeneity index mean values (P = 0.076). The calculated mean TCP values were significantly better for 7IMRT plans when compared to OLAF and 5IMRT plans (P = 0.007 and P = 0.017, respectively). Both NTCP and COSI evaluations, which is compatible with DVH, significantly favored OLAF plan for spinal cord and 7IMRT for thyroid gland. The COSI evaluations, which are compatible with DVH, significantly favored 7IMRT plan for carotid arteries and 5IMRT plan for NT. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated that CIPADDICK-TCP calculations for PTV and COSI-NTCP calculations for OARs were compatible with DVH in T1 GL plans. Therefore, we suggest such parameters as valuable tools for choosing the feasible one among multiple plans and even with different treatment machines.


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