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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 405-409

Nod-like receptor protein 3 inflammasome in head-and-neck cancer


Division of Cancer Research, Regional Cancer Centre, Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
K Sheeja
Division of Cancer Research, Regional Cancer Centre, Laboratory of Molecular Medicine, Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram - 695 011, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_849_18

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Activation of inflammasomes has a decisive role in host defense mechanism against pathogens and other intracellular risk factors, but recently, it has been revealed that they play a significant role in the pathogenesis of several diseases, including cancer. Nod-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, the best-studied inflammasome, has contrasting roles in cancer development and progressions. In head-and-neck cancers, the upregulated level of NLRP3 promotes tumor progression. The main objective of this review is to provide current knowledge on the involvement of NLRP3 inflammasome in head-and-neck cancers. Deeper understanding of the biology of this dynamic protein complex provides new scope for the development of more effective anticancer therapies.


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