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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 230-237

Analysis of treatment methods and prognostic factors in 354 cases of hilar cholangiocarcinoma: A cohort study


1 Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China
2 Department of Operating Room, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China
3 Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, China
4 Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Hospital of Weifang Medical College, Weifang, China
5 Department of Vascular Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chengdu Medical College, Chengdu, China
6 Department of Internal Medicine, Qingdao West Coast New District Second People's Hospital, Qingdao, China
7 Department of Pediatrics, Rongcheng Maternal and Child Care Service Centre, Rongcheng, China
8 Department of Medical Imaging, Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan, China

Correspondence Address:
Bingyuan Zhang
Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Jiangsu 16, 26000 Qingdao
China
Yujie Feng
Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Jiangsu 16, 26000 Qingdao
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_637_19

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Context: Better management strategies are needed to improve the survival of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA). Aims: This study was designed to examine the effects of different treatment methods on survival and prognostic factors in HCCA. Settings and Design: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 354 patients with HCCA treated at our institution from 2003 to 2013. Materials and Methods: Patients were divided into three groups according to the treatment: the radical resection group, the nonradical resection group, and the biliary drainage-only group. Statistical Analysis Used: The Kaplan–Meier method was used to compare survival rates between the groups, and the independent prognostic factors were assessed using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results: There were 110 patients in the radical resection group, 93 patients in the nonradical resection group, and 151 patients in the biliary drainage-only group, and they showed differing survival rates: 1-year survival rates of 70.7%, 49.5%, and 31.3%; 2-year survival rates of 62.9%, 24.7%, and 9.0%; 3-year survival rates of 34.7%, 4.0%, and 0%; and median survival of 21.7 months, 13.6 months, and 8.7 months, respectively. The radical resection group had the longest overall survival (P< 0.001). Treatment method, albumin (ALB), total bilirubin (TBIL), postoperative pathological T-stage, and distant metastasis were identified as independent prognostic indicators of survival. Conclusions: Radical resection significantly increases survival in patients with HCCA, and an increase in ALB and a decrease in TBIL improve the prognosis of patients with HCCA.


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