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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 1508-1515

Value of intravoxel incoherent motion magnetic resonance imaging for differentiating metastatic from nonmetastatic mesorectal lymph nodes with different short-axis diameters in rectal cancer


Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Xinjie Liu
Department of Radiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, No. 74, Linjiang Road, Yuzhong District, Chongqing 400010
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_76_19

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Background: Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) does not accurately evaluate lymph node (LN) status, which is essential for the treatment and prognosis assessment in patients with rectal cancer. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the diagnostic value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI in differentiating metastatic and nonmetastatic mesorectal LNs with different short-axis diameters in rectal cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Forty patients (154 LNs) were divided into three groups based on short-axis diameter: 3 mm ≤ × ≤5 mm, 5 mm < × ≤7 mm, and × >7 mm. MRI characteristics and IVIM parameters were compared between the metastatic and nonmetastatic LNs to determine the diagnostic value for discriminating them. Results: In the 3 mm ≤ × ≤ 5 mm group, mean D values were significantly lower in metastatic than in the nonmetastatic LNs (P < 0.001). In the 5 mm < × ≤7 mm group, mean f values were significantly lower in metastatic than nonmetastatic LNs (P < 0.05). In the × >7 mm group, only the short-axis diameter of metastatic LNs was significantly greater than that of nonmetastatic LNs (P < 0.05). The area under the curve, sensitivity, specificity, and cutoff values were used for differentiating the metastatic from the nonmetastatic LNs. Conclusion: IVIM parameters can differentiate metastatic from nonmetastatic LNs with smaller short-axis diameters (× ≤7 mm) in rectal cancer, and the short-axis diameter is a significant factor in identifying metastatic and nonmetastatic LNs in larger short-axis diameter groups (× >7 mm).


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