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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 437-441

Usefulness of large-section cytokeratin 20 in the detection of intestinal wall infiltration and mesangial metastasis in patients with middle and lower rectal cancer


1 Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Jinan, China
2 Department of Abdominal Surgery, Cancer Center, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Chen-Sheng Li
Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated To Shandong University, 324 Jingwu Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrt.JCRT_405_18

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Objective: The objective of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of large-section cytokeratin 20 (CK20) staining technique in the detection of infiltration on the distal wall and mesangial metastasis in patients with middle and lower rectal cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 62 patients with rectal cancer in the middle and lower segment were studied on large slices stained with CK20. Logistic regression was used to analyze the clinicopathologic factors related to distal low and middle rectal cancer metastasis to the mesorectum and rectal wall. Results: Two types of distal metastasis of the tumor were observed in the rectal wall in 18% (11/62) of the patients: submucosal invasion and muscularis propria invasion. The extent of distal metastasis to the rectal wall was around 0.5–1.0 cm. Four types of distal metastasis occurred in the mesorectum: lymph node invasion, blood and lymphatic vessel invasion, perineural invasion, and isolated neoplastic microfoci. Distal metastasis to the mesorectum was observed in 24% (15/62) of the patients. The extent of metastasis to the mesorectum was around 0.5–4.0 cm. Another three patients with microcapillary invasion in the distal mesorectum were observed by immunohistochemistry, as it was difficult to determine the spread by conventional hematoxylin and eosin staining. Conclusion: The large-section CK20 staining technique is useful for the detection of infiltration on the distal wall and mesangial metastasis in patients with middle and lower rectal cancer.


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