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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 597-603

Oral submucous fibrosis: A clinico-histopathological correlational study


1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rural Dental College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Rural Dental College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Shri Ramachandra Bhanj Dental College and Hospital, Cuttack, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sudharani Basawaraj Biradar
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Rural Dental College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Ahmednagar - 413 736, Maharashtra
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.176177

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Aim of the Study: The aim of this study was to correlate the clinical staging (clinical severity) with the histopathological staging (histopathological changes) of oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) patients, which would further assist the clinicians to formulate a definite treatment plan. Materials and Methods: The study group consisted of 50 subjects who were clinically and histologically diagnosed as OSF. Detailed information was gathered in a pretested proforma with emphasis on the various addictions. The clinical findings were noted; punch biopsy was performed followed by histological examination. Clinical and histological staging were divided into four stages, as Stages I–IV according to Khanna and Andrade classification. Results: The 50 subjects were in the age range of 18–70 years, of which 20 patients were in clinical Group III, 15 were in histopathological stage III, 2, 1, and 2 in Stage II, Stage I, and Stage IV, respectively, out of 5 patients in clinical Group IV, 4 were in histopathological staging IV and 1 was in Stage III, out of 5 patients in clinical Group I, 3 and 2 were in histologic Stages II and I, respectively. Statistical analysis with Chi-square test showed high significance with P < 0.001. Conclusion: The correlation of clinical and histopathological staging was found to be highly significant, thus suggesting that the subject with clinically advanced OSF had extensive fibrosis histologically.


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