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LETTER TO THE EDITOR
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 475

Circulating miR-21 as novel biomarker in gastric cancer: Diagnostic and prognostic biomarker


1 Department of Genetics and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
2 Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Date of Web Publication8-Mar-2018

Correspondence Address:
Hamed Mirzaei
Department of Medical Biotechnology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.175428

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How to cite this article:
Simonian M, Mosallayi M, Mirzaei H. Circulating miR-21 as novel biomarker in gastric cancer: Diagnostic and prognostic biomarker. J Can Res Ther 2018;14:475

How to cite this URL:
Simonian M, Mosallayi M, Mirzaei H. Circulating miR-21 as novel biomarker in gastric cancer: Diagnostic and prognostic biomarker. J Can Res Ther [serial online] 2018 [cited 2019 Nov 17];14:475. Available from: http://www.cancerjournal.net/text.asp?2018/14/2/475/175428



Sir,

Gastric cancer (GC) is known the second leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In 2012, it occurred in 950,000 people and led to 723,000 deaths. Despite many advances in treatment of GC, patients show poor prognosis and the 5-year survival rate is 5–20%.[1] Therefore, identifying novel biomarkers open new landscapes in diagnosis and prognosis for various stages of GC. Among of various biomarkers, microRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as the potential diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers in GC therapy.[2] Several evidence revealed that they involve in pathogenesis pathways. Circulating miRNAs are present in cell-free body fluids such as serum, plasma, and urine. These molecules such as miR-21 can be utilized as the potential biomarkers in several malignancies such as GC and other digestive cancers. miR-21 upregulated in GC lead to inhibition of various tumor suppressor genes including PTEN, RECK, and PDCD4.[3] The suppression of these genes can promote proliferation, migration, and apoptosis inhibition. In addition, several studies demonstrated that upregulation of miR-21 is associated with poorer survival, worse tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and tumor-node-metastasis stage.[4] Therefore, miR-21 detection has a prognostic value in patients with GC. Several studies showed that the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of this biomarker is 78% and 89%, respectively, which are largely higher than other serum markers such as carcinoembryonic antigen and CA19-9 in clinics.[3],[4] On the other hand, some reports showed low prognosis power and diagnosis accuracy for this molecule. Hence, increasing prognosis and diagnosis accuracy has been suggested the utilizing of various combination of miRNAs with miR-21 such as miR-27a and miR-106 that they also upregulated in plasma or serum of patient with GC.[4],[5] Finally, miR-21 has a great potential to serve as new biomarkers in the treatment of GC.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.



 
 > References Top

1.
Wu HH, Lin WC, Tsai KW. Advances in molecular biomarkers for gastric cancer: MiRNAs as emerging novel cancer markers. Expert Rev Mol Med 2014;16:e1.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Wang Z, Cai Q, Jiang Z, Liu B, Zhu Z, Li C. Prognostic role of microRNA-21 in gastric cancer: A meta-analysis. Med Sci Monit 2014;20:1668-74.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Kim SY, Jeon TY, Choi CI, Kim DH, Kim DH, Kim GH, et al. Validation of circulating miRNA biomarkers for predicting lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer. J Mol Diagn 2013;15:661-9.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
Yin Y, Li J, Chen S, Zhou T, Si J. MicroRNAs as diagnostic biomarkers in gastric cancer. Int J Mol Sci 2012;13:12544-55.  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
Wang Y, Gao X, Wei F, Zhang X, Yu J, Zhao H, et al. Diagnostic and prognostic value of circulating miR-21 for cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Gene 2014;533:389-97.  Back to cited text no. 5
    




 

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