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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 864-870

Apparent diffusion coefficient measurements with diffusion-weighted imaging for differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumor

1 Department of Radiology, Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310006, P. R. China
2 Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310003, P. R. China
3 Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, P. R. China

Correspondence Address:
Qi-Dong Wang
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, No. 79, Qingchun Road, Hangzhou 310003
P. R. China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.164700

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Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in distinguishing malignant and benign soft-tissue tumors. Materials and Methods: Published studies were retrieved through comprehensive search in various computerized databases. High-quality studies relevant to ADC values of DWI in differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors were screened using our stringent inclusion and exclusion criteria for this meta-analysis. The standard mean difference with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was estimated. Statistical analyses were performed using the STATA statistical software (Stata Co., College Station, TX, USA). Results: Thirteen cohort studies were finally included, and these studies provided the required information on the diagnostic value of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging in soft-tissue tumors. The 13 studies contained a combined total of 344 malignant soft tumors and 315 benign soft tumors. The results of our meta-analysis revealed that mean ADC value in patients with malignant soft-tissue tumor decreased significantly in comparison with the ADC values obtained in patients with benign soft-tissue tumor (P < 0.001). Country-stratified analysis suggested that ADC value might play a predictive role in the differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors in China (P = 0.007), Egypt (P < 0.001), Germany (P = 0.001), Japan (P = 0.049), and The Netherlands (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Our results provide strong evidence that patients diagnosed with malignant soft-tissue tumors have low ADC values of DWI compared to those with benign soft-tissue tumors. Therefore, ADC measurements with DWI may be reliable in differential diagnosis of soft-tissue tumors.

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