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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 751-754

A clinicoepidemiological study of young age bladder tumors: An eastern Indian scenario


Department of Urology, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research and Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Dilip Kumar Pal
Department of Urology, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research and Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital, Kolkata - 700 020, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.154028

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Introduction: Though, bladder cancer is one of the most common urological malignancies, studies addressing the young age group bladder tumors are rare. Present study was done to determine the clinicoepidemiological aspects of bladder tumor diagnosed in young age patients and to compare these aspects with elderly patients. Patients and Methods: Patients with urinary bladder tumor were selectively divided into two groups; young (<40 years) and elderly (>60 years). Groups were compared on various parameters and statistically analyzed using Fisher's exact two-tailed test. Results: Smoking, tea and coffee intake and exposure of dye were found significantly associated with development of bladder tumor. Most of the tumors in young age were small, solitary, and papillomatous. Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) was the most common histological subtype, though most were of low grade and were non-muscle invasive in comparison to the tumors in elderly group. Conclusion: The incidence of bladder cancer is common in younger age group. Active and passive cigarette smoking, tea, coffee intake, and exposure to organic dyes are major risk factor for younger age group bladder tumor in this part of world. TCC is most common histological subtype and most of them are in low grade without muscle invasion.


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