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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 271-276

Effect of gemcitabine on the uptake of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose and 18F-fluorothymidine in lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells and the animal tumor model


1 Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215006, Jiangsu, China
2 Department of Pathology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215006, Jiangsu, China
3 Department of Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, 215006, Jiangsu, China
4 Department of Clinical Oncology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Hong Kong, China

Correspondence Address:
Zhen-Xin Wang
The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, 188 Shizi Street, Suzhou, 215006, Jiangsu
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.147713

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Background: Gemcitabine is the first-line drug for nonsmall cell lung cancer, and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose. (18F-FDG) and 18F-fluorothymidine. (18F-FLT) are positron emission tomography. (PET) imaging agents. The aim of this study was to explore the effect of gemcitabine on the uptake of 18F-FDG and 18F-FLT in A549 cells and the animal tumor model. Materials and Methods: The inhibitory effects of gemcitabine on cell growth were determined by tetrazolium blue method, and uptake rates of 18F-FDG and 18F-FLT were determined under the same conditions. The adenocarcinoma-bearing nude mice before and after gemcitabine treatments were performed microPET imaging with 18F-FDG and 18F-FLT. Hematoxylin and eosin staining and immunohistochemical analysis of tumor specimens were conducted. Results: After the administration of gemcitabine, positive correlations were observed between inhibition of 18F-FDG or 18F.FLT uptake and cell growth. (r = 0.957 or 0.981, P < 0.01). SUVmax values by 18F-FDG in the tumor, before and after administration of gemcitabine at the dose of 60 mmol/L, revealed an increase by. (35.83 ± 10.58) %. After administration of 120 mmol/L gemcitabine, the SUVmax values decreased by (12.37 ± 7.33) %. The SUVmax values by 18F-FLT at the dose of 60 mmol/L gemcitabine revealed a decrease by (56.47 ± 10.83) %. Pathological staining showed obvious vasodilation and invasion of lymphocytes and plasma cells at the dose of 60 mmol/L, and the expression of glucose transporter protein-1, Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in tumor cells were inhibited. Conclusion: 18F-FLT imaging can assess the proliferation of tumor cells and 18F-FDG imaging can reflect the changes of the tumor microenvironment after administration of gemcitabine.


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