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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1028

Desmoplastic small round cell tumor: Diagnostic dilemma and uncertain prognosis: Report of few cases

1 Department of Pathology, North Bengal Medical College, Darjeeling, West Bengal, India
2 Department of Pathology, Bankura Sammilani Medical College, Bankura, West Bengal, India
3 Department of Pathology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Anindya Adhikari
Vil-Basudevpur, P.O- Banipur, P.S- Sankrail, Howrah - 711 304, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.153664

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Desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is rare and highly malignant neoplasm. DSRCT affects usually young males but can occur in adults also. Intra-abdominal pelvic region is the preferred site. Though confirmed by histology, immunohistochemistry (IHC) plays a key role in diagnosis. IHC profile is characteristic, it shows simultaneous expression of epithelial (epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and cytokeratin (CK)), muscular (desmin), and neural (neuron-specific enolase) markers. Many cases of DSRCT are diagnosed as poorly differentiated carcinoma due to lack of proper panel of IHC. It is difficult to predict if there has been a true increase in incidence. Prognosis is uncertain in such an aggressive neoplasm as chemotherapy (CT) or radiotherapy (RT) shows various outcomes. Here in; we report four cases, all of which showed diagnostic dilemma and uncertain prognosis.

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