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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 295-299

The expression difference of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor in breast cancers with or without diabetes

Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, The State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

Correspondence Address:
Liu Ji-Yan
Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, The State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, West China Medical School, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan Province
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Source of Support: The equipments were supported by Department of Medical Oncology, Cancer Center, the State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.138195

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Context: The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) and insulin receptors' (IR) axes play important roles in both breast cancer and diabetes mellitus. Aim: We tend to explore the expression characteristics of proteins in IGF/IR axis in breast cancer with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Settings and Design: We conducted a case-control investigation of T2DM and non-diabetes (n = 40, 1:1) in breast cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Some important molecules of IGF/IR axis were detected in breast cancer tissues by immunohistochemical staining. The multivariable analyses of the relationship of clinicopathological characters with the significant molecules were also detected. Statistical Analysis Used: The results were statistically evaluated by Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS version 17.0) software. Chi-square test and logistic regression are used. Results: Higher expression of IGF 1 receptor (IGF1R) was found in breast cancers of patients with T2DM, compared those without diabetes (P = 0.044). Negative expression of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) was found to be associated with higher expression of IGF1R in the breast cancers of patients with T2DM. There were no differences found in the expression of proteins of IGF-1, IGF-2, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP3), IR, insulin receptor substrate (IRS)-1, IRS-2 and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) between T2DM group and non-diabetes group. Conclusion: Our study found that breast cancer with T2DM had a higher expression of IGF1R, and the higher IGF1R was associated with negative Her2 expression.

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