Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1088-1092

Analysis of gingival biopsies in the Gujarati population: A retrospective study

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, KM Shah Dental College and Hospital, Pipariya, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Bhari Sharanesha Manjunatha
K M Shah Dental College and Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Pipariya 391 760, Vadodara, Gujarat
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.137929

Rights and Permissions

Background: Biopsy is an important diagnostic tool used in the diagnosis of lesions ranging from simple non-neoplastic, tumor-like lesions to malignancies, and is often the only way to diagnose oral lesions and diseases. The gingiva is the most common site for some kind of irritation or low-grade injury, resulting in localized overgrowths that are considered to be reactive and non-neoplastic lesions. This aim of this study is to analyze the frequency and distribution of gingival lesions in the Gujarati population. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, gingival biopsies submitted for a period of five years were included. Microscopic slides of all the cases were reviewed by two observers for confirmation of the diagnosis. Results: Among the 106 cases of gingival biopsies, the most frequent category of lesions encountered was the non-neoplastic category, which accounted for 73.58% of the cases. Both benign and malignant neoplasms constituted 26.42% of the cases. Among the non-neoplastic lesions, Pyogenic granuloma was the most frequent lesion (38.46%), followed by fibrous hyperplasia (20.51%), inflammatory hyperplasia (19.23%), and Epulis (8.97%). Neoplasms accounted for 26.42% of the gingival biopsies (92.85% benign and 7.15% malignant). Among the benign neoplastic lesions, Fibroma (30.76%) and Fibrolipoma (26.92%) were the most frequent, followed by peripheral ossifying fibroma (23.08%) and peripheral giant cell granuloma (11%). Conclusion: It is difficult to compare studies carried out in various countries due to differences in people's attitudes toward oral health and the accessibility of various population groups to biopsy services. Nevertheless, this study has provided some information about the frequency and distribution of biopsied gingival lesions in the Gujarati population over a period of five years.

Abstract in Chinese

古吉拉特人牙龈活检分析:一项回顾性研究 摘要 背景:活检是一种重要的诊断工具,用于诊断简单的非肿瘤性病变、肿瘤样病变以及恶性肿瘤,在诊断口腔病变和疾病方面也常是唯一的方法。牙龈是某种刺激或低等级的伤害最常见的部位,导致局部增生,被认为是反应性和非肿瘤性病变。本研究的目的是分析在古吉拉特人牙龈病变的频率和分布。 材料与方法:本回顾性研究中,包括了五年内提交的的牙龈组织活检。所有病例切片由两位观察员回顾以确认诊断。 结果:106例牙龈活检中,遇到的最常见的类型是非肿瘤性病变,占73.58%。良性和恶性肿瘤占26.42%。非肿瘤性病变中,化脓性肉芽肿是最常见的病变(38.46%),其次是纤维增生(20.51%),炎性增生(19.23%)和牙龈瘤(8.97%)。肿瘤占牙龈活检的26.42%(92.85%良性,7.15%恶性)。良性肿瘤性病变中,纤维瘤(30.76%)和纤维脂肪瘤(26.92%)是最常见的,其次是外周骨化性纤维瘤(23.08%)和周围性巨细胞肉芽肿(11%)。 结论:由于人们对口腔健康态度和各种人群来活检服务的可及性的差异,很难在不同国家进行比较研究。然而,这项研究提供了五年来在古吉拉特的人口的关于牙龈病变活检的频率和分布的信息。 关键词:良性和恶性肿瘤,巨细胞肉芽肿,牙龈活检,组织病理学,化脓性肉芽肿性病变

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded211    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal