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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 499-505

Betel nut chewing and its deleterious effects on oral cavity


1 Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Greater Noida, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sudha Rustagi College of Dental Scinces and Research, Faridabad, Haryana, India
3 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Sri Gobind Tricentenary Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Gurgaon, India
4 Department of Public Health Dentistry, I.T.S Centre for Dental Studies and Research, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Richa Anand
5E 46 BP, New Industrial Township, Faridabad - 121 001, Haryana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.137958

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The habit of chewing betel nut has a long history of use. Betel nut and products derived from it are widely used as a masticatory product among various communities and in several countries across the world. Over a long period, several additives have been added to a simple betel nut preparation; thus, creating the betel quid (BQ) and encompassing chewing tobacco in the preparation. Betel nut has deleterious effects on oral soft tissues. Its effects on dental caries and periodontal diseases, two major oral diseases are less well-documented. Betel-induced lichenoid lesions mainly on buccal mucosa have been reported at quid retained sites. In chronic chewers, a condition called betel chewers mucosa is often found where the quid is placed. Betel nut chewing is implicated in oral submucous fibrosis (OSF) and its use along with tobacco can cause leukoplakia, both of which are potentially malignant in the oral cavity. Oral cancer often arises from such precancerous changes. Thus, public health measures to quit betel use are recommended to control disabling conditions such as OSF and oral cancer.


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