Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2013  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 638-643

Efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in down staging locally advanced pre-menopausal breast cancer in Eastern Nigeria: Is four courses adequate?

Department of Surgery, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Ochonma Amobi Egwuonwu
Department of Surgery, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.126463

Rights and Permissions

Context: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer among women in most part of the world and in Nigeria. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has been demonstrated to be a helpful strategy in the context of locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Aims: To determine if the use of four courses of doxorubicin based neoadjuvant chemotherapeutic regimen will result in significant primary tumor down-staging. Settings and Design: One year prospective study of premenopausal breast cancer patients presenting to the specialty breast clinic. Methods: The patients were recommended for four courses of doxorubicin based NAC and response assessed using response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) methodology. Statistical Analysis Used: Simple frequency and descriptive statistics were used to analyze data using SPSS statistical software. Results: One hundred and fourteen patients presented with breast cancer. Their ages ranged from 26 to 51 years with a mean age of 42.1 years ± 7.7 years. Thirty-one patients completed the four courses of NAC. At the end of NAC, 23 (74.2%) patients had more than 30% reduction in primary tumor size and 8 (25.8%) had no response (NR). The response according to the modified RECIST methodology was 12.9% for a complete clinical response, 61.3% for partial response, and 25.8% for NR. Significant clinical response was seen in 74.2% of patients (P < 0.0001) (one sample t-test). Conclusions: Four courses of antracycline based NAC is effective in premenopausal patients with LABC in our environment

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded110    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal