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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 471-476

Oral submucous fibrosis: Comparing clinical grading with duration and frequency of habit among areca nut and its products chewers

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SMBT Dental College and Hospital, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, SMBT Dental College and Hospital, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, YMT Dental College and Hospital, Khargar, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Fareedi Mukram Ali
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, SMBT Dental College and Hospital, Amrutnagar, Gulewadi Post, Sangamner Taluqa, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.119353

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Aims and objectives: To evaluate the effect of frequency, duration and type of areca nut products on the incidence and severity of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). Materials and methods: Patients with the limited mouth opening and associated blanched oral mucosa with palpable fibrous bands were included in this study. Biopsies were done and the informed consent was taken from each patient included in this study. The tissues were taken from the affected areas and then studied histopathologically. The data was analysed statistically using X 2 -test. Results: In this present prospective study done in 197 subjects (189 males and 8 females) who were screened and diagnosed clinically having OSMF with age ranging from 22 to 61 years with mean 38.8 years. Gutkha-chewing habit alone was identified in 58 subjects and those associated with gutkha and tobacco were 33 with mean age of 28.2 years and 32.3 years, respectively. The number of people getting affected with OSMF is more associated with gutkha and areca nut with the P-value of the analysis ranging from 0.05 to 0.01. Conclusion: The occurrence of OSMF is related to areca nut and its products. The duration and frequency of its use and type of areca nut product has effect on the incidence and severity of OSMF. Gutkha and pan masala have more deleterious and faster effects on oral mucosa. The gutkha-chewing habit along with the other habits does not have any significant effect on the rate of occurrence and incidence and severity of the OSMF.

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