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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2008  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 116-120

Quality of life outcome measures following partial glossectomy: Assessment using the UW-QOL scale


1 Head and Neck Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, 203 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ; The Institute of Cancer Research, 237 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JB, United Kingdom
2 Head and Neck Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, 203 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
R Kazi
Head and Neck Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, 203 Fulham Road, London SW3 6JJ
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.42641

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Background: The consequences of a diagnosis of head and neck cancer and the impact of treatment have a clear and direct influence on well-being and associated quality of life (QOL) in these patients. Aims: To determine the QOL in head and neck cancer patients following a partial glossectomy operation. Design and Setting: Cross-sectional cohort study; Head and Neck Oncology Unit, tertiary referral center. Materials and Methods: 38 patients with partial glossectomy were assessed with the University of Washington head and neck quality of life (UW-QOL) scale, version 4. Statistical Analysis: Statistical analysis was performed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences 10.0 (SPSS Inc, Chicago version III). Information from the scale was correlated using the Mann Whitney test. A P value less than/equal to 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: The mean (sd) composite score of the QOL in our series was 73.6 (16.1). The majority (71.8%) quoted their QOL as good or very good. Swallowing (n = 16, 47.1%), speech (n = 15, 44.1%) and saliva (n = 15, 44.1%) were most commonly cited issues over the last 7 days. On the other hand, the groups with reconstruction, neck dissection, complications and radiotherapy demonstrated a significant reduction of quality of life scores (Mann Whitney test, P < 0.05). Conclusion: The composite score and overall QOL as assessed using the UW-QOL scale (version 4) were modestly high in our series of partial glossectomy patients. Swallowing, speech, and saliva are regarded as the most important issues. Stage of the disease, neck dissection, reconstruction, complications, radiotherapy and time since operation were seen to significantly affect domain scores.


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