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CASE REPORT
Year : 2006  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 140-143

Supraestructure maxillectomy and orbital exenteration for treatment of basal cell carcinoma of inferior eyelid: Case report and review


Surgical Oncology Department, Hospital de Especialidades Centro Medico Nacional de Leon, Gto.; Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Colonia los Paraisos, Leon, Gto, Mexico

Correspondence Address:
J S Villalon-Lopez
Surgical Oncology Department, Hospital de Especialidades Centro Medico Nacional de Leon, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Colonia Los Paraisos, Leon, Guanajuato, C.P. 37000
Mexico
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most frequent type of skin cancer in humans, with cumulative exposure to ultraviolet radiation as an important risk factor for development of illness such as severe solar burns during childhood or adolescence. BCC is mainly located on sun-exposed sites, head and neck being the areas of more incidences; although nose, eyelids and periorbitary tissue are unfavorable due to cosmetic results that BCC involves. Tumors can be classified as nodular, superficial, micronodular, morphea variety, infiltrating, pigmented, metatypic and fibroepithelioma of Pinkus. Several treatment options such as surgical and nonsurgical are available. The goal of treatment is complete excision of the tumor with preservation of surrounding structures in a way aesthetically acceptable. Mohs' micrographic surgery is the standard treatment for all nonmelanoma skin cancers. Orbital exenteration is also used for treatment of malignancies of ocular tissues, mainly squamous cell carcinoma, sebaceous cell carcinoma and BCC. The tissue beneath the surgical site can be left for second-intention granulation or covered with a cutaneous implant of partial thickness. The case of a 77-year-old patient is presented with BCC of inferior eyelid of 14 years' duration, formerly managed with radiotherapy; however, due to recurrent illness and invasion to the maxillary antrum, he needed supraestructure maxillectomy with left orbital exenteration.


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