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Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
The official publication of Association of Radiation Oncologists of India (AROI)  
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2005  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-91

Dose uniformity assessment of intraluminal brachytherapy using HDR 192Ir stepping source


1 Departments of Medical Physics, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack- 753 007, India
2 Departments of Radiation Oncology, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack- 753 007, India
3 Department of Physics, Govt College of Science, Raipur - 952 010, India

Correspondence Address:
Narayan Prasad Patel
Departments of Medical Physics, Acharya Harihar Regional Cancer Centre, Cuttack- 753 007
India
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DOI: 10.4103/0973-1482.16707

PMID: 17998633

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PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to achieve dose uniformity for intraluminal implants by assessment of dose distributions for single catheter generated by using various combinations of source stopping spacing and optimization mode. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A dose distribution was generated using HDR 192Ir stepping source on single straight catheter of fixed length used for Intraluminal brachytherapy. The various combinations of source position spacing and optimization mode were used and these dose distributions were evaluated by using three different parameters. The source position spacings were 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 1.4, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 and 3.3 cm. Three different optimization modes that compute the source stopping times along the catheter were used. The parameters used for assessment of dose distributions were statistical analysis of doses to dose reference points, area under natural dose-volume histogram and the dose non-uniformity ratio. RESULTS: None of the combinations of source position spacing and optimization mode was able to generate the desired optimum uniform dose distribution. However in a discrete manner, comparatively higher uniform dose distribution was found with short (0.2 cm) and longer (1.5 to 2.0 cm) source spacing. Optimization mode of Iterative correction was found to be suitable for the single catheter used in intraluminal brachytherapy. Conclusion: The applicator dimension and irradiation target volume should be taken in to consideration while selecting either higher or smaller source position spacing for the single catheter intraluminal brachytherapy. The Anisotropy factor of the source has some role in the variation of the dose uniformity over the target volume.






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